Haroon Hussain

Having gained his BSc in Biomedical Science he have acquired the necessary practical experience along with the theory of many areas concerning the human body at a cellular, molecular and anatomical level. 

Haroon's interest was aroused in particular to the biology, discovery, development and treatment relating specifically to cancer. Therefore, he was determined to learn more and was fortunate to pursue his interest even further by completing his MSc in Cancer Therapeutics at the Barts Cancer Institute. Scientists all across the world are discovering new ways the disease develops, how and why it spreads and inventing novel treatments to stop it. Although our knowledge of cancer is ever increasing, the fight to eradicate the disease completely is not over yet. 

The evolution of past and modern therapies in breast cancer has been an inspiring illustration of the progress that has been made towards cancer cures. Breast cancer makes up a quarter of new cases worldwide and is the most common cancer in women . While the number of people with breast cancer has been increasing fewer people are dying from the disease, potentially because of better screening and diagnosis at an early and more curable stage. Thanks to better treatments, more people are also surviving five years after diagnosis, but this wouldn’t be possible with the strides that have been made in understanding breast cancer at a molecular level. Breast cancer was long considered as a tumour with an underlying relationship with oestrogen. Instead, driven by a greater understanding of the molecular basis of breast cancers, we now see a more complex picture. We now know breast cancer to be an umbrella of different diseases – as many as ten different types – with a number of subtypes. And although a number of factors can contribute towards developing breast cancer, there is no single agent or cause. A closer look at cancer detection, molecular biology and progression is telling us more about the underlying factors in breast cancer development and spread. No one breast cancer Despite the uncertainties of what exactly causes breast cancer, there is abundant evidence for hormonal and reproductive factors . A number of environmental factors may also lead to mutations in DNA, such as exposure to radiations, chemicals and alcohol. However not all of the mutations are environmentally induced – some occur spontaneously. Other factors that increase risk of developing breast cancers are age, gender, family history and certain medical conditions. A wide range of genes and proteins may contribute towards the development of breast cancer...